The rates and percentages of diseases and ailments are increasing significantly in today’s time. The reasons are many behind being so. From cardiac, respiratory, chronic to cerebral, people are suffering from various categories of ailments. These issues are generally prevalent in patients aging more than fifty to sixty but nowadays they are also appearing in people from younger age groups. Paraplegia is one of the concerning diseases. It is basically a problem in the spinal cord that usually paralyzes the lower portion of the limbs. It is generally the consequence of the severe injury or damage in the nervous system and the spinal cord. It usually affects the legs, trunk as well as the pelvic area that results in the loss of the movement.
Below are some of the major causes of Paraplegia:-
- Motor Neuron disease
- Growth of cancer cells, tumor or clots in the spinal cord
- Spina Bifida
- Excessive alcohol consumption
1Major Categories of Paraplegia
Just like any other chronic disease, Paraplegia is also divided into categories that decide the intensity of the disease. The types of Paraplegia include incomplete and complete.
Complete paraplegia appears when the injury affects the specific patient at a neurological level. It hampers the limb movement, whereas, when it comes to incomplete paraplegia, some of the limbs still possess the capacity to move. But the stage can fluctuate any time from a partial to a complete stage. This can be caused due to several reasons some are significant while some are not.
Brain injury, excessive addiction to recreational drugs, stroke, cerebral palsy, and peripheral neuropathy is some of the reasons behind paraplegia or relevant diseases related to paralysis. Lack of BCG vaccine can be one of the insignificant but a common reason for the disease of Paraplegia. Listed below are some of the symptoms that state that a patient is affected by the paraplegia disease. These symptoms need not exactly be the same but they throw a significant chance of the particular disease.
- Comparatively less control over bladder activities o bowel movements
- Tingling sensation or intense pain in the leg, pelvic area or the trunk
- In women, the fertility can be affected as well as a sexual functionality
- Sudden respiratory issues and coughing
- No ability to move or even feel in certain parts of the body
2Diagnosis of Paraplegia
Paraplegia can take a severe turn and result in several health issues if not diagnosed at the right time. Hence, it is important to diagnose Paraplegia at the right time in order to provide appropriate treatments and therapies. There are several medical tests through which Paraplegia can be diagnosed. Below are the tests that doctors can conduct to detect Paraplegia:-
- Computerized CT Scan to better understand the intensity and severity of the injury
- X-rays to detect tumors, clots, or fractures.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to identify any blood clots or irregular formation in the spinal cord.
3An overview of the Paraplegia treatment and therapy
In the initial stage, the therapy via traction and medication for immobilization is applied. This is the foremost approach to the cure of the particular disease that all health professionals suggest. Experimental treatments and surgeries can as well be conducted.
While a patient is receiving a particular treatment, health professionals focus on helping one get rid of the secondary issues first that s entailed with the main disease. The secondary issues could include bladder issues, bowel problems, blood clots, respiratory infections as well as pressure ulcers. The result of the treatments shall mainly depend on the current condition of the patient. The condition can vary as per the health history of the individual or how fast action he took to begin the treatment for the health condition.
When it comes to complete paraplegia, the medical industry has come up with state-of-the-art treatment technologies, medications, and methods that shall help cope with the situation. The recovery might begin from the very first week or it might take up to almost six months in order to experience the improvement and see the results. However, there might not be any permanent solution to this condition, but early treatment and attention to initial occurrences can surely control the symptoms.
A significant spinal cord injury that can paralyze your lower limb, Paraplegia, is severe health ailment that can damage your nervous system in the long run. It mainly affects the pelvic region, trunk, legs, etc. Paraplegia is divided into two distinctive categories, complete and incomplete. In order to safeguard your health from the wraths of this chronic ailment, it is important to remain vigilant about the symptoms if you have recently got yourself injured. Pay attention to the symptoms and diagnose Paraplegia at the early stages to acquire the appropriate treatments and therapies at the right time. Staying alert to the symptoms and following the right treatment is the ideal way to steer clear from Paraplegia.