Python is a high-level general purpose programming language that offers multiple paradigms like object-orientation, and structural and functional programming for software development. The advantages of python make it greater for programmer for use. Many organizations today are using python these days to perform major tasks.
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Organizations but not all will never tell you the programming language they use to implement their trade because they are usually reserved about giving out their trade secrets. When talking of applications of python, we mean how python can be applied in the computer world of today. Some applications are listed below.
GUI-Based Desktop Applications:
Python has simple syntax, rich text processing tools, modular architecture, and the ability to work on multiple operating systems which make it a desirable choice for developing desktop-based applications. There are various GUI toolkits like wxPython, PyQt or PyGtk available which help developers create highly functional Graphical User Interface (GUI).
The various applications developed under the GUI-Based Desktop using Python includes:
Image Processing and Graphic Design Applications:
Python has been used to make 2D imaging software such as Inkscape, GIMP, Paint Shop Pro and Scribus. Further, 3D animation packages, like Blender, 3ds Max, Cinema 4D, Houdini, Lightwave and Maya, also use Python in variable proportions. These products have been used and still continue to be used. The amazing thing about these products is that it relies heavily on python scripting.
Scientific and Computational Applications:
Python is widely used in scientific and numeric computing. The higher speeds, productivity and availability of tools, such as Scientific Python and Numeric Python, have resulted in Python becoming an integral part of applications involved in computation and processing of scientific data. 3D modeling software, such as FreeCAD, and finite element method software, such as Abaqus, are coded in Python.
Variously, Python has modules, libraries and platforms that support development of games. For example, PySoy is a 3D game engine supporting Python3, and PyGame provides functionality and a library for game development. There have been numerous games built using Python including Civilization-IV, Disney’s Toontown Online, Vega Strike etc.
Web Frameworks and Web Applications:
Python has been used to create a variety of web-frameworks including CherryPy, Django, TurboGears, Bottle, Flask etc.
These frameworks provide standard libraries and modules which simplify tasks related to content management, interaction with database and interfacing with different internet protocols such as HTTP, SMTP, XML-RPC, FTP and POP. Plone, a content management system; ERP5, an open source ERP which is used in aerospace, apparel and banking; Odoo – a consolidated suite of business applications; and Google App engine are a few of the popular web applications based on Python.
Enterprise and Business Applications:
With features that include special libraries, extensibility, scalability and easily readable syntax, Python is a suitable coding language for customizing larger applications. Reddit, which was originally written in Common Lips, was rewritten in Python in 2005. Python also contributed in a large part to functionality in YouTube.
Python is often an integral part of Linux distributions. For instance, Ubuntu’s Ubiquity Installer, and Fedora’s and Red Hat Enterprise Linux’s Anaconda Installer are written in Python. Gentoo Linux makes use of Python for Portage, its package management system.
Python’s design and module architecture has influenced development of numerous languages. Boo language uses an object model, syntax and indentation, similar to Python. Further, syntax of languages like Apple’s Swift, CoffeeScript, Cobra, and OCaml all share similarity with Python.
Besides being quick and easy to learn, Python also has the open source advantage of being free with the support of a large community. This makes it the preferred choice for prototype development.
Further, the agility, extensibility and scalability and ease of refactoring code associated with Python allow faster development from initial prototype.Since its origin in 1989, Python has grown to become part of a plethora of web-based, desktop-based, graphic design, scientific, and computational applications. With Python available for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux / UNIX, it offers ease of development for enterprises. Additionally, the latest release Python 3.4.3 builds on the existing strengths of the language, with drastic improvement in Unicode support, among other new features. Thus programming in python will continue to offer many benefits for organizations, based on their end objectives.
Python is a superb language for teaching programming, both at the introductory level and in more advanced courses. In 2014, statistics showed that 39 U.S computer science departments used python the most to teach introductory courses. Books such as How to Think Like a Computer Scientist, Python Programming: An Introduction to Computer Science, and Practical Programming are good place to discuss teaching issues on python
United space alliance:
Python provides major support to NASA for various projects, such as the space shuttle. One of its projects python helps NASA to implement is to create Workflow Automation System (WAS), an application designed to manage NASA and other third-party projects. The setup uses a central Oracle database as a repository for information. Python was chosen over languages such as Java and C++ because it provides dynamic typing and pseudo-code–like syntax and it has an interpreter. The result is that the application is developed faster, and unit testing each piece is easier.
Python can also be applied in the robotic world and in industries. A company called Philip relies on python for automation of robot to coordinate the effort of thousands of robots.
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